Pistachio

Pistachio is the only commercially edible nut among the 11 species in the genus Pistacia that all exude turpentine or mastic. Pistachio Nut is a native of Iran, Syrian and Greece, it has been cultivated for more than 10,000 years. It considers one of the oldest edible nuts on earth just like almonds too. Pistachio belongs to the same family with cashew and what makes Pistachio stand out and different from any other nuts is its green color and semi-opening of the shell. In Iran, it called Smiling Pistachio and in China, it called Happy Nut.

Pistachio definitely is a pure passion for us in Chitra Trade Aryan. A pricey passion indeed and big business!

Pistachio Nut

The pistachio is the stone fruit of a deciduous tree. In some aspects, the pistachio tree resembles the almond and walnut trees and belongs to the same family as the walnut. The exact origin of the pistachio nut is not entirely clear. Currently, pistachio trees grow in Iran, Turkey, Greece, and the US. In countries such as Iran, pistachio trees grow in the wild in mountainous regions, where the tree looks more like a bush than a tree.

The pistachio has a long and interesting history. Native to the Middle East, pistachios are one of the oldest flowering nut trees. Recent archeological evidence in Turkey suggests that humans were enjoying them as early as 7,000 B.C. Flourishing in hot climates, pistachios spread from the Middle East to the Mediterranean, quickly becoming a treasured delicacy among royalty, travelers and common folk alike.

Legend has it that the Queen of Sheba decreed pistachios an exclusively royal food, going so far as to forbid commoners from growing the nut for personal use. Nebuchadnezzar, the ancient king of Babylon, had pistachio trees planted in his fabled hanging gardens. And in the first century A.D., Emperor Vitellius debuted this prized nut in his capital city of Rome. According to Moslem legend, the pistachio nut was one of the foods brought to Earth by Adam.

The earliest records of pistachio in English are around roughly the year 1400, with the spellings “pistace” and “pistacia”. The word pistachio is generally believed to come from Middle Persian. Later in Persian, the word is attested as “pesteh”.

The modern pistachio nuts improvement was first undertaken in the era of the Persian Empire which spanned from Eastern Mediterranean to central Asia.
Pistachio is a desert plant and is highly tolerant of saline soil. It has been reported to grow well when irrigated with water having 3,000–4,000 ppm of soluble salts. Pistachio trees are fairly hardy in the right conditions and can survive temperatures ranging between -10 °C in winter and 48 °C in summer. They need a sunny position and well-drained soil. Pistachio trees do poorly in conditions of high humidity and are susceptible to root rot in winter if they get too much water and the soil is not sufficiently free-draining. Long, hot summers are required for proper ripening of the fruit.
According to the above mentioned, we can confidently name Iran and specifically Kerman province as the best area to grow pistachio in the world. Presently Iran accounts for more than 50 percent of global pistachio production. Currently, pistachios grow in over 360,000 hectares of land in Iran and Kerman province procures 77 percent of the country’s pistachio. The province is essentially viewed as the most important region in the world for growing pistachios. Other areas of the country wherein pistachios are grown include Yazd, Khorasan, Fars, Semnan, Sistan-Va-Baluchestan, Qazvin, Isfahan, and Qom. Chitra Trade Aryan Co.’s farms are located in Kerman province, however, we also supply the pistachio from our local farmers and other regions farmers in order to obtain a totally complete portfolio.

Pistachios contain carotenoid antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin. These antioxidants help in reducing the risk of contracting the age-related macular disease in the elderly, according to the research conducted by Chen CYO and Blumberg JB from Tufts University, Boston, USA. They can be included, along with vegetables, for an increased supply of lutein and zeaxanthin.
Pistachios have a high copper content, which helps in the higher absorption of iron into the body from food sources. This can help combat conditions like anemia.
The unique taste of pistachio beside the above-mentioned health benefits and so many others of these make the pistachio one of the most popular nuts in the world.

Types of Pistachio

There is a lot of classification method for Iranian pistachio. Each name represents a region, shape or quality type. However, in term of shapes, there are four main groups, Long, Round, Jumbo, and kernel. All types can be founded in Iran market in raw or roasted with several Flavors, mechanically/naturally opened or closed pistachio, etc.

In the following table, available sizes for common pistachio types have been mentioned

Pistachio Type

Long

Jumbo

Round

Subsets/Local namesAkbariAhmadaghaeiKalleghouchiFandoghi
size18~20

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

20~22

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

22~24

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

✔︎

24~26

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

✔︎

26~28

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

✔︎

✔︎

28~30

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

✔︎

30~32

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

✔︎

32~34

(pcs/oz)

✔︎

Long Pistachio

The Long type included lots of subsets. The most 2 famous subsets are Akbari and Ahmad Aghaei.

Akbari Pistachio

This type is the highest economic value. Its fruits are large and almond shaped. It can be harvested in late September. This is a newer variety with good yield and with long, large nuts.

Ahmadaghaei Pistachio

This nut is rather large and its fruit is almond shaped. It can be harvested in late September. The newest commercial variety, very popular with the farmers, because of high yield and its shorter time to reach production. It is very popular in some markets like India and Greece. Production of this variety is increasing. It also has the whitest shell hue among the Three.

Jumbo Pistachio

Jumbo pistachios are larger and longer compared to round pistachios and totally this nut is famous for being large. Kallehgouchi is the most important Jumbo pistachio in Iran. Kallehgouchi pistachio has a long history in cultivation as its been growing for more than 4000 years.

The present distinguished excellent situation of Iranian Jumbo pistachio is the result of Iranian farmers and growers perfect ability. Existing researches show, more than 70% of worlds’ total Jumbo pistachio production is in Iran which in some years touched a peak annual production of 300,000 mt. However unfortunately on the whole Kallehghouchi is not being budded anymore and production is from existing trees. It is expected that the production would slowly decline.

Round Pistachio

The most famous subset of this type is “FANDOGHI”. This cultivar is the most widely available pistachio variety and grows in most pistachio growing areas of Iran. This type of pistachio has a round shape and its different than long pistachios, its length is shorter and smaller compared to another type of pistachios. Round pistachios are the first type in terms of exportation, due to being reasonable in price. Pistachio Packagings

Pistachio Technical Quality

TitleDescription
TasteLike pistachio
ColorWhite to yellow
ShapeOval
Drying ProcessAir Dry
Cultivation TypeCommon
MoistureBelow 10%
PackagingBulk
Packaging Size7~8 Kg Carton Boxes

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